Oil Immersed Low Power Tubes


The Family Group  Picture


           Hot-cathode line-focus tubes of different sizes, shapes and makes, oil immersed, ranging in output from 50 kV and 5 mA for the smallest,  to 90 kV and 20 mA for the bigger ones, used in dental units or low power portable x-ray equipment.  Since the introduction in 1920 of the CDX shock-proof oil-immersed dental x-ray unit by General Electric, and since the advent of the line focus tubes in the twenties, the basic structure of these tubes has not undergone any major changes.


           Note the three types of anodes used in the different tubes :


-  the bare anode, with the visible tungsten target.


-  the hooded anode intended to limit the x-ray beam and limit  the effect of  “off-focal” radiation;


-  the hooded anode with a beryllium window, adding some filtration of soft x-rays.




Bare anode centered

by the Tungsten target.

Hooded anode. The

target is deep inside.

          Hooded anode with

 Beryllium window.







The introduction of the “hooded anode is generally attributed to W.D.Coolidge, 1915.  (E.R.N. Grigg – The Trail of the Invisible light – 1965 – pp 79 & 129).  In fact, Victor Chabaud, of France, in the gas discharge tube bearing his name used a hooded anode, without giving it a name, as early as 1905 or 1906. An illustration of a hooded anode is equally seen in page 11 Atlas TypischerRöntgenbilder, by Rudolf Grashey, J.F.Lehmann’s Verlag, 1912”.


  Go to Category Index
Go to Main Page